Anna Luhrmann and Staffan viewed autocratization as a challenge. It vanishing democratic principles. The Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Institute has seen that autocratization has expanse its tentacles by invading many countries. The base of these is underpinned by the liberal democracy index (LDI) of the states of democracy.
Two waves of authorization before the third wave were mostly direct anti-democratic but in this third wave autocrats just use the name of democracy but in reality, it doesn’t exist. Autocratization in many countries has been an unending challenge in the world. Here I will discuss the third wave of authorization and how it vanishes the values of democracy.
In 1991 P Huntington first introduced the concept of ‘Democracy Wave’ in his book the ‘Third Wave’.In his book, Huntington writes that since the early nineteenth century, there have been three major stages of democracy as a political system and also two short periods of decline. He calls these stages ‘waves of democracy’. Following his lead, some political scientists have used these concepts to explain the march of democracy. In March 2019, Anna Lührmann and Staffan I. Lindberg published the article ‘The third wave of democratization is here: what is new about it?’ in this they pointed out the strength and weakness of democracies in the globe in over a century and identified a distinct third wave of democratization that commenced in 1994. Autocratization is the reverser of democratization or produces movement away from democracy in terms of degree which can occur in both
democracies and autocracies. Democracies can lose democratic principles in varying degrees without totally breaking down or diving into an autocratic regime, often long before it is observed. It is possible for countries to display illiberal democratic features (for example Hungary) without totally becoming authoritarian. In the first and second waves of authorization, dictators were used to ban democracy directly. Military governments of dictators banned all the features of democracy. But now in the third of authorization autocrats just use the
name of democracy to avoid the force of the world community. But the core values of democracy is not actually existed there. This third wave of authorization is more dangerous than the first two waves of authorization. Because this third wave is vanishing democracy more than the first and second wave of authorization. The
figure given below is showing the three waves of authorization-
Lührmann and Lindberg use “democratic recession” to explain an autocratization process that takes place when democracy exists; “democratic breakdown” to describe the switching from democracy to autocracy; and “autocratic consolidation” to explain continuous declines of democratic traits in already authoritarian situations. 20 Autocratization is a wide concept that covers both sudden breakdowns of democracy and tricky processes taking place in both autocratic and democratic regimes, where democratic features decline and lead to more autocratic systems. Some new research on autocratization look likes to have generated an emerging consensus on one significant insight: the process of autocratization seems to have changed. Bermo suggests a decline of the most familiar forms of backsliding vote fraud on election day and military coups. Conversely, more underhand ways of autocratization opposition harassment subversion of accountability are on the rise. In the new democracy, the risk of military coups has declined over time, but the risk of self-coups remains. New autocratization tries to bind media freedom and the space for civil society hand over the institutions of multiparty elections in place. Becoming the main source of the power of the executive is a key contemporary pattern of autocratization next to what Coppedge calls the more “classical” path of intensified repression ‘’Executive aggrandizement” is a process when “elected executives lose power checks on executive power one by one, making a series of institutional changes that reduce the power of opposition parties to challenge executive preferences.
When it is not under debate that autocratization entails democratic setbacks, collapse in democratic principles, or regime change from democracy to autocracy, it is not loudly clear that how the quest to rule institutions of electoral democracy and the use of violence as a political instrument trace their expression in autocratization . Political scholars are in general agreement on the basic features of democracy, including but not narrow to rule of law, regular multiparty elections, and majority rule with minority rights.
The election is the broadly accepted democratic means of acquiring power and democracy is about power acquisition. So, elections hold a central position in the practice of democracy. The most obvious symbol of a democratic debacle is when a push is made to use violence to control the electoral process and control its outcomes.
What is an example of an authoritarian?
People who are more concerned about obeying the law than they are about having some freedom are in an authoritarian government. Authoritarians expect everyone to do what they say they should, which is why they’re known as “authoritative.” Dictatorship is a type of authoritarianism.
What is a simple definition of authoritarian?
authoritarianism, the principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action. In government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people.
What do authoritarians do?
The hallmark of authoritarianism is the concentration of government power in the hands of a small number of individuals, which is maintained through political repression and the exclusion of potential rivals. In order to achieve its objectives, the regime employs political parties and mass organizations.
What does authoritarian mean in psychology?
It is a theoretical personality type that is characterized by extreme obedience and unquestionable respect for and submission to the authority of a person external to the self, which is supposedly realized through the oppression of subordinate people.
What is the difference between authoritarian and authoritative?
There is a lot of pressure placed on children by both authoritative and authoritarian parents. In contrast to authoritarian parents, who are both strict and cold, authoritative parents are both strict and warm… Parents with authoritarian tendencies restrict communication to one way. As a justification for rules, they cite “because I said so.”
The third wave of autocraization vanishes democratic values by using the name of democracy. Electoral and political violence helps explain the deteriorating state of democracy. Many political actors view politics as a zero-sum game and do not consider electoral defeat as a critical scene of the democratic process. Based on this mentality, the political actors make many attempts to control state institutions that are involved in the electoral process and use them in their favor, generally against popular choices on that the foundation of democratic development and growth is laid. By this administrative and financial autonomy for electoral democratic institutions basically exists in name only, or in legal codes. Violence during elections vanishes democratic principles.
It also presents a serious challenge to the growth of democracy. It brings the imprint of continuous erosion of democratic principles of the rule of law and changes it with rule by law, manifesting in cases of human rights misuse with salvation. In one form or another, incidences of electoral cruelty, electoral threat, and electoral fraud stop from elections are deeply rooted.