The Government Concern Of COVID-19 Management

The Government Concern Of COVID-19 Management

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With almost every country adopting aggressive non-therapeutic measures to control the spread
of COVID-19, Bangladesh in Southeastern Asia has followed the same trend. In adopting
measures to minimize the impact, the Government is working with private & non-government
an organization that is a feature of New Public Management. New Public Management draws
practices from the private sector and uses them in the public sector of management.

The roles of NGOs in response to COVID-19

Local NGOs are the first responder in this COVID response. Meantime local NGOs have already
responded with their own fund in this regard since the beginning of March 2020. NAHAB, BD
CSO, Community Radios process led by COST, NIRAPAD, Disaster Forum, and Credit and
Development Forum (CDF) already motivating its network members and providing knowledge
in this regard. With the network, they preparing now for the long-term approach.

The Local and National NGOs are active country wise in the following activities:
 Raise awareness campaign against coronavirus at the grassroots and the capital
especially among the marginalized people;
 Promote content on proper handwashing and respiratory hygiene;
 Provide basic facilities to underprivileged communities from basic needs to hygiene
materials (i.e. essential food pack, health kits, etc.) to socially ignored vulnerable
 Provide PPE to support health personnel;
 Set up water taps and basins along with hand soaps for pedestrians and the public,
especially in virus prone area or the low income groups;
 Distribute hand sanitizers, face masks and spray disinfectants in some areas of the
capital city, aiming to fight the spread of coronavirus;
 Distribute free mask to disable people, disadvantaged children and run campaigns in
schools in how to wash hands and maintain cleanliness to keep the disease away;
 Distribute some Non-Food Items (IFI) and food items for the people and service provider
at institutional quarantine;
 Two NGO provide their hospitals as isolation center and Covid-19 health support.
Initiatives taken by private sectors in Bangladesh to address country COVID-19 response
Health sector response in line with COVID-19 preparedness and response plan by MoHFW:
 Testing kit- Private sector in Bangladesh is playing a significant role to address the
pandemic. Stretching to develop lower cost and faster testing kit to facilitate mass and
quick screening of the infected people to support informed isolation and quarantine.
 PPE- Manufacturing Personal Protective Equipment- PPE to protect the frontline actors,
though most or all of those are grade 1 only. For medical service providers doctors and
nurses need grade 3 or 4 quality, which is still dependent in import.
 Ventilator- Numbers of companies have taken initiative to produce ventilator in the
country. They are expecting to start production.
 Hospital/ Clinical service: Private clinic and hospitals are offering their installed capacity
to be utilized for covid-19 treatment. They have around 200,000 beds capacity. Beyond
that major industrial groups in the country have taken initiative to establish new
hospital facilities with around 8,000 beds for Dhaka city.
 Pharmaceutical companies of Bangladesh have taken initiative to contribute with the
medicines widely used across the affected countries. Government has taken initiative to
regulate said medicine production & distribution.
 WASH response- FBCCI has been taken initiative to disinfect the roads from
Narayanganj to Dhaka.
 Distribution of food & non-food items- Business communities across the country have
started to distribute food & non-food items to the affected people. FBCCI is collecting
information on those initiatives to be complied.
 Other response initiatives SME’s, garments sectors in country migrant population etc.


Considering the global hard-hit economy, depression, unemployment, job loss, shortfall of RMG
export and incoming remittances, the socio-economic and development impacts along with the
food insecurity as well as rising poverty due to COVID-19 at the community level need to be
coordinated in Bangladesh. At present, as the lockdown is withdrawn, both lives and livelihoods
are in danger which is a long debate that is going on. Along with the pandemic disease, the
upcoming seasons of natural disasters from cyclones, tidal floods, flash floods, and landslides of
monsoon seasons should be considered to prepare for emergencies. All these will further
aggravate the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable groups in the country in the coming
months to be followed. As the health sector is the most strained at present, it will affect the
targets of sustainable development goals of 2030. In addition, quality education will be
hampered in the country. The government of Bangladesh has already mobilized a noteworthy
stimulus package to support the affected industries and community which needs to be
coordinated over a longer period of 12–18 months and may be incorporated in the upcoming
8th 5-year plans with substantial revising. However, this package should also include research
and innovation, recovery of education. There is no alternative to strengthen the health care
facilities and preparedness for the potential humanitarian crisis. Moreover, humanitarian
support should reach the most vulnerable communities which need to be targeted, outlined,
and delivered. Finally, economic implications should be subjected to the spatial and
geographical locations based on the vulnerabilities. Hotspots identified in the delta plan can be
considered here. The long-term strategic plan can be integrated into Perspective Plan 2041 and
Bangladesh delta plans 2100, for better strategic management. Whatever will be the lockdown
scenario, the basic supports to the mass people must be ensured and that is not so easy
without strong strategic planning and multi-sector collaboration for sustainability including
supports from the private sectors and international bodies.

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