Racism begins when one ethnic group attempts to dominate and eliminate another on the basis of hereditary and other characteristics. Racism developed in the Western world during the contemporary age. There is no conclusive evidence as to when or how it arose in other civilizations, or even in Europe, prior to medieval times. Perhaps the identification of Jews, the devil, and witchcraft in the mid-13th and 14th centuries is seen as the earliest manifestation of racism in history. When Jews converted to Christianity, this mindset developed, and their descendants became the target of discrimination and even exclusion.
Throughout history, there have been several instances of racial prejudice. When Europeans came into touch with the peoples of Africa, Asia, and America throughout the Renaissance and Reformation periods, they began passing judgment on them. Africans were transported as slaves and were deemed heathens due to their skin tone. The blacks were thought to have a pagan background. In the 17th century, legislation prohibiting blacks and whites from marrying was passed in North America. As a result, blacks were considered outsiders and inferiors.
Racism is defined as the view that members of each race possess unique characteristics, skills, or abilities, and that these attributes determine whether they are regarded inferior or superior to members of another race. According to TheFreeDictionary, ethnocentrism is the concept that races have distinct cultural features caused by hereditary reasons, endowing some races with an inherent superiority over others.
Discrimination on the basis of race might be direct or indirect. Direct discrimination occurs when one person is treated less equitably than another in a more similar situation due to their race, national origin, descent, or ethnic origin. When a policy or rule treats everyone equally but has an adverse effect on some people because of their race, color, national origin, or ethnic origin, this is referred to as indirect discrimination.
Racist behavior may manifest itself in the following ways:
- Physical retaliation or assault
- Verbal abuse, threats, the use of ridiculing language, or statements that are serotyped
- Propaganda against minorities in the form of signage, graffiti, or symbols
- Incitement of others to engage in racist behavior
- Racism in institutions
- Refusing to work with someone because of their language, religion, ethnic origin, or skin tone
Examples of Racism
Racism is at an all-time high today, just as it was in the past. Indeed, it has taken on a variety of other forms, and many situations are out of control. Consider the following examples of racism in America:
African-American women are more likely to be evicted than white women. This is the result of a variety of causes. You will discover that black women face a 10.6 percent jobless rate, while black males earn 64% of what white men earn. When it comes to obtaining paid, black women are treated more harshly.
Even in Hollywood, women are whitewashed. Allocated by the abundance of Native Americans in Hollywood, the principal roles are naturally given to white women.
In some instances, persons of color are socially marginalized. When a Chinese-American visits a white church, no one will speak to him and very few people will greet him. On the other hand, if a white guest is invited to the church, he is treated to lunch on his first visit, and people are eager to speak with him and provide him with contact information. Chinese-Americans become victims of racism in this case as a result of their race.
There are numerous such examples demonstrating the extent to which racism has permeated our society. Even though rules exist, this issue is becoming further entrenched in our societies and communities.