Examples of Normative and Interpretive Paradigm

Normative and Interpretive Paradigm in Research Definition & Example

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Definition of Paradigm in Research

Paradigm is a Greek term that translates as “Example” or “Model” or “a way of looking at the world.” the foundation or basis of a concept or body of knowledge that is universally accepted and is used as a model. In other terms, a paradigm is the basis of specific conceptions around which theories and methods for acquiring information are built.

Consider the subject of physics, where Newton proposed classical methodologies dubbed “classical paradigms” while Einstein proposed a new and “modern paradigm” through his equation of relativity. Similarly, Darwin’s theory of evolution altered the Paleontological paradigm in the field of Bioscience, so introducing a new world view.
Positivism in Research is an approach that takes into account all forms of knowledge. According to this positivist view, all types of knowledge have some basis for development, which may include:

  • Normative Basis
  • Interpretive Basis

Normative Paradigm in Research

  • It is connected to a group’s, society’s, or population’s norms.
  • Norms are rules that should be followed when living in a particular community, place, or time period. Social standards and values are accepted without reason, and they are objective in character, devoid of human preferences. Social norms are derived from human behavior and physical phenomena, hence constituting the objective basis for knowledge, dubbed the Normative Paradigm.
  • The normative foundation of knowledge is entirely theoretical and may or may not be empirical. However, the researcher’s objective is to develop ideas about social norms and realities. The normative paradigms are context-dependent. They are determined by society or big scale. The normative paradigm’s critical point comprises the following:
  • Norms are the unseen forces that shape society.
  • They are perpetually objective.
  • The research is conducted independently, as one’s personal viewpoints may or may not be relevant here.
  • The culmination of the study results in the formation of generalized laws, beginning with the particular.
  • It provides an explanation for one’s behavior in terms of its causes.
  • One adapts to the norms arbitrarily.
  • It is a macro notion because social rules are constantly generalized on a broad scale.

Interpretive Paradigm in Research

  • The individual’s model of knowledge is based on his or her own perceptions, interpretations, and experiences. It is a subjective approach to an individual’s inner world that allows for the exploration of one’s own realities, the interpretation of one’s own life philosophy, and internal norms. The following are critical aspects of the interpretive paradigm in research:
  • It is based on actions and their future effects, i.e. an individual’s judgment of an event’s goodness or badness from his or her own perspective.
  • It serves as a foundation for knowledge on a limited or small scale, as it is personal.
    Human behavior is dynamic and adapts to physical occurrences and social changes.
    It incorporates the researcher’s personal interests while interpreting the laws and philosophy of life, progressing from general to specialized.
  • It leads to an appreciation for the meaning of activities, rather than their reasons.
    While researching the facts of societal standards, one may subjectively oppose them.
    Examples of Normative and Interpretive Paradigm
  • Assume that both paradigms are used in a classroom at the same time. The teachers and students there accept the societal standards in place (the normative one) and the research, in this situation, is a valuable source of information for the entire society.
  • As an example, honesty is a normative trait, but it can be interpreted in a different way by a teacher or a pupil, hence this is an interpretive paradigm.
  • There are several avenues to knowledge that can be opened up by adopting a social paradigm, which includes both normative and interpretive aspects


What is a research paradigm in research?

A research paradigm is “the set of common beliefs and agreements shared between scientists. about how problems should be understood and addressed”

What are the 3 paradigms of research?

Positivism, constructivism or interpretivism, and pragmatism are the three most popular paradigms.

What is a research paradigm example?

Using a real-world perspective, for example, a scientist will utilize objectivity as an epistemological position, quantitative methods as a methodology, and positivism as a paradigm to find answers to research questions in pure science.

What is the paradigm of quantitative research?

Quantitative research paradigms are predicated on the belief that every phenomenon in the world can be explained solely via a positivist lens. They believe that empirical approaches and quantitative methodologies can uncover only one truth and explanation for a phenomenon.

How are paradigms used?

A paradigm is a method of looking at the world, a collection of concepts used to comprehend or explain something, most commonly pertaining to a particular subject. It is a means of framing what we know, what we are capable of knowing, and how we are capable of knowing it. Our perspectives on situations such as this are shaped by paradigms.

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